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The Balinese people are descendants of a prehistoric race that migrated through mainland Asia to the Indonesian archipelago, probably settling around 2500 BC.
The end of the prehistoric era in Indonesia was marked by the arrival of the Hindu people, around 100 BC, as determined by the Brahmi inscriptions on fragments of vessels.
The name Balidwipa has been discovered in several inscriptions.
The Hindu Majapahit empire (1293-1520) on East Java founded a Balinese colony in 1343. The Majapahit empire collapsed shortly before 1500, before the onslaught of the Muslims, causing an exodus to Bali.
The Europeans discovered the island when the Dutch explorer Cornelis Houtman arrived in 1597, although a Portuguese vessel had been shipwrecked on the coast of Bukit around 1585. The Dutch established a commercial colony shortly thereafter and the Dutch East India Company began to trade from the seventeenth century. The Dutch control of the island was reaffirmed after a series of colonial wars (1846-1849).
These wars were so fierce that the Dutch rulers then exercised an indulgent control, protecting and showing great respect for the local religion and culture.
International tourism began in the 1920s. After the First World War, a sense of Indonesian nationalism began to grow, resulting in the declaration of the national language in 1928, as in Bahasa Indonesia. The Second World War brought the Japanese, who expelled the Dutch from Indonesia and occupied from 1942 to 1945.
The Japanese were defeated later, and the Dutchman again tried to regain control of Bali and Indonesia. However, in 1945, Indonesia was declared independent by its first president Sukarno. The Dutch government gave in, and from Indonesia, it was officially recognized as an independent country in 1949
Bali became part of the East Indonesian Republic in 1948.