Geography of Bali

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Bali is part of the Lesser Sunda Islands, 145 km long and 80 km wide, 3.2 km east of Java. It is located approximately eight degrees south of the Equator line. Its surface is 5,700 km². The mountainous area extends from the center of the island to its eastern side. The highest point of the island is Mount Agung with 3.142 m of height, a volcano in activity, that erupted for the last time in March of 1963.



The main cities are the port of Singaraja to the north and the capital, Denpasar, near the south coast. The town of Ubud (north of Denpasar), with its art market, museums and galleries is known as the cultural center of Bali.

In the south there is an alluvial plain, watered by shallow rivers, dry in the dry seasons and flooded during periods of heavy rain.

Its population of 3 million inhabitants is mainly composed of Hindus, but a very small portion is Muslim (fishermen on the coast).

The main tourist spots are the town of Kuta (along with its beach), Sanur, Jimbaran and the recent development of Nusa Dua. The Ngurah Rai International Airport is located near Jimbaran, on the isthmus that joins the southern part of the island with its central part.

There are no rail lines on the island. There are important coastal roads at the same time as roads that cross the island, mainly from north to south.

The island is surrounded by coral reefs. The beaches in the south are white sand while the beaches in the north are black sand.

The majority of Bali's inhabitants are engaged in agriculture, mainly rice growing. Other products are grown, such as fruits and vegetables, although to a lesser extent. A significant number of Balinese are also fishermen. Bali is also famous for its artisans, who produce batik and ikat fabrics and clothing, wood and stone carvings and goldsmith items.

Fuente : Wikipedia